KW201, KW Vespa, KW160, KW Viceroy
KW started out making separate transmitter and receivers for 50s UK Hams mostly running AM. The inspiration and indeed some of the components came from the Italian Company Geloso, . All this early AM gear was in the larger style that was to become known by the rather unflattering term of 'Boatanchor'. The KW Vanguard, Victor and smaller (and rarer) KW Valiant transmitters were paired with the KW76 (also very rare) and later the KW77 receiver. In 1959/1960 KW started making their large KW Viceroy range of SSB transmitters. However things were moving quickly and by the mid 60s KW started to market smaller separates that fitted into its KW2000 'G' Line..starting with the KW Vespa TX and KW201 RX and ending with the KW202 and KW204. Sadly KW never got the hang of getting their separates to 'transceive' as a pair..something the competition had sorted pretty early on.
KW Viceroy Mark IV - March 2018
This TX came to me through a Silent Key sale - and although I vowed not to restore any of the larger 'boat anchor' radios - I could not turn this down. Its owner had dry stored it many years ago when he moved on to the smaller KW 'G line' equipment. It looks as if its been in a time machine - clean hardly describes this 55 year old TX. I also took a pristine KW600 linear from the same seller
The Viceroy went through a number of variants after the Mark 1 was advertised in late 1959 (initially just called 'SSB Transmitter') and it was still advertised in early 1966 alongside the far smaller KW Vespa TX and KW2000A. Although the Vespa was a more modern design the old Viceroy must have still been selling...the Vespa was cheaper for a reason.
There were 4 or 5 versions, although some of the info on the web is confusing (the manual for mine says its a Mark IV - but there was also a Mark IIIa). There is plenty of room in both the TX and its Power Supply. I reckon its a least 4 time the volume of a Drake T4X - they certainly did make them differently back then. Despite the size of the TX the PSU cannot be fitted inside the transmitter
The PSU had a leaking HUNTS capacitor on the neg bias rail and a couple of obvious dry joints. The main unit has a lot of tarnishing to the large Post Office style open frame relay and the 18 way power connector on the rear panel. A few nasty black Hunts capacitors and out of spec resistors to change and then some extensive cleaning....More to follow...................
UPDATE - I couldn't find any adverts with pictures of the Mark IV, the Viceroy IIIa pic below is from a 1963 advert and that states the PSU is internal - by all accounts a very heavy beast !
The Viceroy suffix changed in mid 1964 to the Mark IV (advert on right). One of the main improvements in the IV was an extra set of relay contacts to switch the antenna through to a receiver. Although the ad clearly says the Mark IV has an internal PSU, my Mark IV can't have an internal PSU fitted into in its case - its too small. After a bit of research it seems KW had an option to put the TX into a shallower case and have the PSU outside - this makes the whole thing a lot easier to move!. This picture is off the PSU chassis fitted inside the larger case of a Viceroy. My PSU is identical but fitted into a very nice separate little box - which is clearly a production item.
Earlier models - The Mark 1 Viceroy had a valve PSU nearly as large as the TX itself (I owned one in 1971). It only had USB on 40m and as I recall there was a mod with an extra valve or two to mix 40 down to LSB on 160m - that got me onto topband SSB !
The Mark 2 had 40m LSB and a smaller external PSU in a narrow case - there were some controls on the PSU.
The Mark III moved all controls onto the transmitter and the PSU was internal. I dont know if an external PSU option was offered. Although there are adverts for the IIIa in 1962 I dont know what the differences are.
So it looks like mine is from 1964/5. My initial test of the PSU was eventful - although I had changed the leaking neg bias smoothing caps I should have also spotted that the first resorvoir capacitor on the 250V line was near death...and despite a slow start up it quickly heated up!..as its a dual 32 +32uf component I replaced it with 2 modern high quality ones. On initial test the radio works great on 80m with 100W out and reports of super audio with an ACOS crystal microphone plugged into the Belling Lee coax connector (so loved of UK ham radio manufacturers in the 60s)
My radio has a large metal plate across the lower rear of the case..although this fits the case perfectly its impossible to get the 18 way power connector plugged in with it in place. This had me stumped for a while until I found a KW Viceroy 'Exciter' described here - the Viceroy 'Exciter' is in the same shallow case as mine...but as there is no PA in the exciter a PSU is fitted inside - this has the same blanking plate but of course it doesn't have the a big power connector on the back. This explains the option to have the Mark IV Viceroy in n smaller case - a case that KW already had on the shelf for the 'Exciter'. Amazed that on mine the plate and all its screws have been kept..the late owner must have put the plate back on when he stored the radio over 50 years ago.
KW 'One Sixty' TOPBAND AM TX - November 2017
Been after one of these for a few years. This came from an ex KW employee who decided to sell. Although it worked I quickly decided to replace all those nasty Hunts capacitors. Very little documentation although there is an article on the Web..the schematic around the VFO does not match my one though. Uses a TV PL81 valve in the PA with 21V heater winding on the mains transformer..Rowley must have got them cheap as it would have been more normal to use a 5763 or 6BW6. Power supply built in and full ' plate and screen modulation' from a 'push pull' audio stage. Its unclear when the 160 went out of production, it certainly ran alongside the KW2000s up until the mid 60s - although its look is distincly 1950s !.
As we moved into the mid 60s the smaller, lighter and cheaper Codar AT5 became the Topband AM transmitter of choice for most UK hams - and has now achieved cult status !. I was one of many that copied the AT5 design, its 'choke' modulation did away with the need for a heavy and expensive modulation transformer..and with no bulky PSU built in, it was perfectly suited to mobile and portable operation.
G3ZPS 160m AM Station for GB8KW January 2018 - KW 62nd Anniversary
KW VESPA MK1
Ebay purchase delivered in Jan 2016 - KW Vespa Transmitter (MK1) and its obviously re-built power supply, oh dear, what a mess. No way was I turning it on in this state - even more dangerous than when it came out of the factory in its odd cardboard cover, re build required. I changed caps, fixed awful dry joints, corroded fuse holders and put decent HV diodes in for the 750v HT..the ones in there did not look all that great.
After a 2 day total rebuild and test, the PSU was in good working order. Firing up the radio was met with ZERO output..not a milliwatt. Out with the scope and it soon became clear that the dreaded 455KHz Kokusai mechanical filter was as dead as a dodo, 455KHz carrier went in and nothing came out on the scope As a quick and dirty check I bypassed the filter with 1000pf...Bingo !!! Double Sideband and loads of drive. In the box of bits that came with my purchase there was 2 other filters one opened and one sealed.
On a whim I put the sealed one in the VESPA and it came to life again...super reports on 40m with a Shure 444. Later I found some resistors had gone high, and the curse of the KW Owners manual caught me out several times. Its one area where they really cut corners - the manuals are awful, child like drawings, schematics and charts with errors. Compare them to Swan, Drake and Collins and you will see what I mean.
Very clean KW201 Receiver from the 2016 Canvey Rally (Essex UK). Cheaper than eBay and promised as working on AM and with a good Mechanical Filter - but not good on SSB. This was a quick fault find quickly traced to an almost shorted coupling cap from the anode of the product detector to the grid of the Audio O/P valve.
That's why it worked on AM but not SSB. This receiver has a 3KHz filter which is too narrow for AM but means that SSB sounds great provided there are no adjacent stations - of course you can add the optional Q Multiplier - but I have never seen one for sale BEWARE the old carbon composition resistors in these KW gear, in the KW201 2 failed within a few days of getting it going, they all go high, but some just go VERY high.. Although the 201 came out at the same time as the VESPA transmitter they cannot 'transceive' together and have to be manually netted together - this an another odd KW design decision, even the later KW202 and 204 'separates' had to be netted onto the same frequency and they were in production into the mid 70s. Drake separates all allowed proper transceive operation.
The KW202 receiver is almost identical to the KW201 although it looks more like a KW2000B. The company re-used the same PCB for the 202 but had to add extra gangs to the VFO capacitor to account for 500KHz band segments, the Q multiplier was standard on the 202, but took up the space where the speaker was in the 201. And it gained that weird front end RF atteuuator (as in the KW2000E) which was called RF gain !. The IF gain on the 202 is the exact same control that was marked RF gain on the 201...!!!!
Below - Feb 2016, made a new slide rule dial for the KW201, using new perspex (cut to size and delivered off the internet) and an inkjet printed waterslide transfer. Took a bit of work in MS Draw to get the graphic the right size and looking good. But black is far better than the white lettering of the original. Its a strange dial anyway - good idea, but impossble to get better than 2KHz resolution (if your lucky and have good eyesight). I guess that was deemed good enough in 1967 - some stations I work now tell me my frequency to 5 decimal places !
The white lettering of the 201 dial on mine had faded and past efforts at clenaing it had only made things worse. I decided to buy a pre-cut blank piece of perspex and remake the dial in black. I used MSDraw and created a new one from scratch - I then printed it onto a waterslide transfer and applied it to the back of the perspex..looks ok and easier to read.
The Vespa and KW 201 are really only the TX and RX parts of the KW2000 transceivers and had similar limitations - only one filter bandwidth meant poor AM and CW performance, 200KHz band segments meant part coverage of 15 and 10m and did I say no transceive !